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AgriLife News – January Garden Tips


I know we just celebrated Christmas and the New Year, but believe it or not, it is already time to start thinking about our Spring gardens! Below are a few tips to make sure your garden is in tip top shape.

  • Prepare soil for spring planting. Mix compost and organic material into soil. Beds should be 4 to 6 inches deep for annuals and 6 to 8 inches deep for perennials.
  • Mulch plantings
  • Cut back and divide ornamental grasses 
  • Mow and water lawn as needed.  Keep lawn free of leaves, use as mulch over plantings or put in compost.
  • Prune fruit trees of vertical shoots and crossed limbs.  Fruit trees should be bowl shaped to allow air and sunlight to reach branches.  Never top trees!
  • Fertilize house plants once a month with a 20-20-20 fertilizer
  • Apply horticultural oil to plants and trees susceptible to scale
  • Remove vining weeds from plants while the plants are leafless.
  • Plant or transplant fruit trees, nut trees, and roses. Water well, using a root stimulator and mulch.
  • Plant asparagus and onions.
  • Start seeds indoors for warm season vegetables, annuals, and perennials.
  • Get your soil tested for pH and nutrients. Make adjustments as needed. 
  • Wash flowerpots and tools in soapy water and a weak bleach solution.
  • Clean out birdhouses.

Kaitlyn Slover is the County Extension Agent for agriculture and natural resources for Upshur County. Her email address is

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