“Thwarting Democratic efforts, House Republicans revive border policing unit in early morning vote” was first published by The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan media organization that informs Texans — and engages with them — about public policy, politics, government and statewide issues.
Sign up for The Brief, The Texas Tribune’s daily newsletter that keeps readers up to speed on the most essential Texas news.
Working after midnight Wednesday, House Republicans revived key parts of a bill to create a new state border policing unit, upending Democrats’ daylong efforts to sink it ahead of an important bill passing deadline.
Democrats initially brought down House Bill 20 by Rep. Matt Schaefer, R-Tyler, on a technicality late Tuesday night, leaving it out of reach of a House deadline to receive initial approval by midnight on Thursday because the House had already set its Thursday calendar earlier in the night.
But Republicans gave the policing unit new life less than three hours later, taking language from HB 20 and attaching it as an amendment to a separate immigration-related measure, House Bill 7. The amendment was adopted 90-51.
That borrowed language would create the Border Protection Unit, which is meant to deter people from crossing the Mexican border by using nondeadly force, with its officers able to “arrest, apprehend or detain persons crossing the Texas-Mexico border unlawfully.” in border-region counties.
Members of the policing unit would not have to be law officers.
The creation of such a unit will likely test the state’s limits on immigration enforcement, which has traditionally fallen under the federal government’s purview.
Opponents of the policing unit said it would allow untrained “vigilantes” to go after anyone they perceived to be a migrant.
Rep. Victoria Neave Criado, D-Dallas, said the unit would expose Texans of color to racial profiling.
“What is to prohibit or stop a Border Protection Unit from setting up their post in Hispanic neighborhoods?” said Rep. Erin Gámez, D-Brownsville, who said her largely Hispanic community would be at particular risk of racial profiling because of its proximity to the border.
Schaefer pitched his bill as a way to help Texas better control the crossing of migrants and combat dangerous drugs at the Mexican border.
“The serious nature of the fentanyl crisis cannot be overstated,” Schaefer said while introducing the bill Tuesday night.
Democrats had placed themselves in position to sink HB 20 by delaying action on multiple bills throughout the day – a practice known as “chubbing” that is used to avoid controversial topics near the end of legislative deadlines.
Democrats celebrated the bill’s demise and promised to be vigilant for attempts to revive the policing unit, but their efforts to challenge the amendment to HB 7 on technicalities were rejected by the House parliamentarian.
Neave Criado said the legislation would have devastated law enforcement’s relationships with communities all over the state.
“This bill was not just about the border or migrants, it was a statewide bill that would have been devastating whether you are new Texans or your family has been here for generations,” said Neave Criado, who leads the Mexican American Legislative Caucus. “It would have emboldened civilian vigilantes to be able to set up checkpoints in our cities.”
Tickets are on sale now for the 2023 Texas Tribune Festival, happening in downtown Austin on Sept. 21-23. Get your TribFest tickets by May 31 and save big!
This article originally appeared in The Texas Tribune at https://www.texastribune.org/2023/05/09/texas-legislature-immigration-bill-hb20/.
The Texas Tribune is a member-supported, nonpartisan newsroom informing and engaging Texans on state politics and policy. Learn more at texastribune.org.