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Millions of residents in the Houston area are expected to remain under a boil water notice until Tuesday after two transformers at a water treatment plant in the nation’s fourth-most-populous city went offline. At least four area school districts are closed Monday in response.
The city’s 2.2 million water customers were told to boil water for at least two minutes before preparing food, drinking, bathing or brushing teeth. Customers were also told to avoid using water from refrigerators or ice makers. Those who cannot boil water are advised to use bottled water.
The boil water notice is expected to be lifted by 3 a.m. Tuesday after state regulators review the city’s water samples, according to Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner.
All Houston school district campuses, offices and facilities are closed due to the notice. The nearby Aldine, Pasadena and Spring Branch school districts also canceled Monday classes, the Houston Chronicle reported.
The Houston Independent School District announced Monday evening that all campuses and facilities will be closed until Wednesday. The district cited concerns of being able to provide safe meals and water. All HISD employees will continue to work remotely if possible.
The city waited several hours to issue the boil water notice via email and text. Houston Public Works Director Carol Haddock said the city needed to consult with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and review data about the water before the public was notified. The city began making calls to residents at around 6:40 p.m., several hours after the power outage. But many residents reported not receiving a notification from the city until late in the night. Sensor readings of water pressure dropping do not automatically trigger a boil water notice, and the city has 24 hours to issue a boil water notice from time of the incident, Turner said.
Haddock said there is no evidence the water has been contaminated. A boil water notice was issued out of an abundance of caution and to comply with regulatory standards.
“We still have no indication that the system was compromised at any point and that it had any of the type of catastrophic potential that larger events might have had and caused an immediate notice,” Haddock said.
Turner said the city will deliver bottled water to people if needed, but it is not setting up stations to distribute water because residents still have access to power and can boil water themselves.
Two transformers at Houston’s East Water Purification Plant went offline due to a ground fault. An electrical feeder also experienced a ground fault. Power was restored to the entire system by 12:30 p.m. The city has backup generators in place, but it did not request the generators to be turned on because power supply was not the issue.
The power outage was caused by the city’s equipment, CenterPoint Energy said. CenterPoint delivers power to the Houston area and was on site to investigate how the transformers failed. Turner said he has ordered a diagnostic review of the system to investigate what caused the ground faults and to prevent future outages.
A boil water notice has been issued for the City of Houston ‼️ Everyone should boil the water before drinking, cooking, bathing, and brushing their teeth.
— City of Houston (@HoustonTX) November 28, 2022
TCEQ said the agency received the sampling plan from the city of Houston at 10:18 p.m. Sunday and approved it at 10:40 p.m. City employees collected and sent samples to a Houston lab by 9:45 a.m. Monday, and the samples will sit in the lab for 18 hours, Turner said. TCEQ will make the final decision on when to rescind the boil water notice.
The agency said state regulators are looking for three things when reviewing the water samples collected by the city of Houston: water pressure, chlorine residuals and bacteria levels.
TCEQ said in order to rescind a boil water notice, a water distribution system must meet consistent water distribution pressures greater than 20 pounds per square inch.
During the water sample review, the agency checks that “areas have been flushed” and disinfectant residuals like chlorine are consistently maintained “above the minimum regulatory requirements” throughout the water distribution system.
Once the system has met all requirements, the state environmental agency said an “accredited” lab checks the samples to see if they are negative for bacteria. This analysis typically takes between 18 and 24 hours. A TCEQ spokesperson says they expect the sample results early Tuesday morning.
“TCEQ has approved a sampling map, which is to ensure sampling locations are representative of the system and show water is negative for bacteria throughout the City’s distribution system,” the agency said in an email.
Low pressure hurts water quality and can be a threat to public health. A reduction or loss of pressure in a water distribution system can result in backflow, when water flows in the wrong direction, allowing contaminants to enter drinking water. Water pressure in the entire system is back above minimum levels for safety, Turner said.
“We are working closely with the City of Houston and stand ready to review the city’s water sample results and offer any technical assistance that may be needed,” TCEQ said in an email.
TCEQ requires public water systems to issue a boil water notice when water pressure dips below 20 pounds per square inch because the water may be unsafe to drink. Turner said in a press conference Monday that at 11 a.m. Sunday, water pressure at 16 monitoring sites dipped below emergency regulatory levels of 20 psi. The pressure rose back at 14 of those sites in less than two minutes, and the other two were back up within 30 minutes.
Residents have complained and criticized Houston officials for taking hours to issue a boil water notice. TCEQ requires a public water system to notify its residents “as soon as possible, but in no case later than 24 hours after the violation or condition occurs.”
The state environment agency requires city leaders to “prepare a boil water notice in English and, if necessary, Spanish.” Its rules do not mention instructions for notifying blind, deaf and disabled people of boil water notices.
Gov. Greg Abbott directed state emergency resources to the city on Sunday and said he has been in contact with Turner.
“We’re currently working to fulfill the city’s request for help with rapid turnaround of water sample results,” Abbott said in a statement.
Houston residents have been under a water boil notice twice before in recent years. The city issued a boil water notice during the 2021 winter freeze, when state’s electric grid operator lost control of the power supply and millions were without access to electricity or water for days. And in February 2020, the city issued a boil water notice after a 96-inch water main break spewed water for several hours, triggering pressure levels to drop below minimum regulatory levels of 20 psi for an extended period of time.
Disclosure: CenterPoint Energy has been a financial supporter of The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan news organization that is funded in part by donations from members, foundations and corporate sponsors. Financial supporters play no role in the Tribune’s journalism. Find a complete list of them here.
This article originally appeared in The Texas Tribune at https://www.texastribune.org/2022/11/27/houston-boil-water/.
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